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Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Geographic Information System (GIS) Reference Sheet

U.S Army Corps of Engineers
Published Oct. 3, 2019

OVERVIEW

The Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) Geographic Information System (GIS) serves as a helpful resource to provide a general location of FUDS properties located throughout the United States.  The specific GIS coordinates portrayed on FUDS GIS maps do not reflect exact project locations. The coordinates serve as a general geographic reference point.  The following reference sheet explains the terminology used in FUDS GIS and how it relates to FUDS projects.

TERMINOLOGY

  • GIS Project/Property Point: The GIS Property/Project Point is a reference point (latitude/longitude coordinate) within the FUDS Property. This point is projected as the property location for FUDS projects in FUDS GIS, and the project location for Installation Restoration Program (IRP) projects.
     
  • FUDS Property: A facility or installation (property) that was under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense and owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States at the time of actions leading to contamination by hazardous substances. The FUDS program is limited to those real properties that were transferred from the Department of Defense (DOD) control prior to October 17, 1986. Properties must be located within the United States. An eligible FUDS Property may have more than one project.
     
  • FUDS Project (Site). A distinct area of a property containing one or more releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances treated as a discrete entity or consolidated grouping for response purposes. FUDS projects are the same as sites as defined in the Defense Environmental Restoration Program (DERP) Manual (DoDM4715.20). An eligible FUDS Property may have more than one project.

FUDS PROJECT SUBCATEGORY TERMS:

Military Munitions Response Program (MMRP):

Established to meet the DERP goals in sections USC Title 10 2710 and 2701(b)(2). The DOD Component shall include all sites (FUDS Projects) that require a munitions response in the MMRP.

  • MMRP Projects: Address unexploded ordnance (UXO), discarded military munitions (DMM), and munitions constituents (MC) at defense sites, which are categorized as munitions response areas (MRAs) and munitions response sites (MRSs). Defense sites do not include operational ranges, operating storage or manufacturing facilities, or facilities that are used for or were permitted for the treatment or disposal of military munitions.
     
  • Military Munitions: All ammunition products and components produced for or used by the U.S. Armed Forces for national defense and security, including ammunition products or components under the control of the DOD, Coast Guard, Department of Energy, and National Guard. The term includes:
    • Confined gaseous, liquid, and solid propellants.
    • Explosives and pyrotechnics.
    • Chemical and riot control agents.
    • Smokes and incendiaries, including bulk explosives and chemical warfare agents.
    • Chemical munitions.
    • Rockets.
    • Guided and ballistic missiles.
    • Bombs, warheads, and mortar rounds.
       
  • Munitions and explosives of concern (MEC). Distinguishes specific categories of military munitions that may pose unique explosives safety risks, means:
     
    • Unexploded ordnance (UXO): Military munitions that have been primed, fused, armed, or otherwise prepared for action; Have been fired, dropped, launched, projected or placed in such a manner as to constitute a hazard to operations, installations, personnel, or material; and remain unexploded either by malfunction, design, or any other cause. [10 USC 2710 (e)(9)].
    • Discarded military munitions (DMM). Military munitions that have been abandoned without proper disposal or removed from storage in a military magazine or other storage area for the purpose of disposal. The term does not include unexploded ordnance, military munitions that are being held for future use or planned disposal, or military munitions that have been properly disposed of consistent with applicable environmental laws and regulations. [10 USC 2710(e)(2)].
    • Munitions constituents (MC):  Any materials originating from unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, or other military munitions, including explosive and non-explosive materials, and emission, degradation, or breakdown elements of such ordnance or munitions. [10 USC 2710(e)(4)].

Installation Restoration Program (IRP):
Based on statutory authority in sections USC Title 10,2701(b)(1) and (2). Includes sites (FUDS Projects) that require response actions to address releases of:

  • Hazardous substances and pollutants or contaminants.
  • Petroleum, oil, or lubricants (POLs).
  • Hazardous wastes or hazardous waste constituents.
  • Explosive compounds released to soil, surface water, sediment, or groundwater as a result of ammunition or explosives production or manufacturing at ammunition plants.
  • Also includes response activities to address UXO, DMM, or MC posing an explosive, human health, or environmental hazard that are incidental to an existing IRP site.

IRP Projects: An eligible FUDS property containing one or more releases or threatened releases of a similar response nature, treated as a discrete entity or consolidated grouping for response purposes. May include:

  • Buildings and structures.
  • Impoundments and landfills.
  • Storage containers, or other areas where hazardous substance are or have come to be located, including FUDS eligible unsafe buildings or debris.

Projects are categorized by actions described under installation restoration (HTRW and CON/HTRW), military munitions response program, or building demolition/debris removal. The GIS requirements are a latitude/longitude. Typically reflected as the GIS Project/Property Point. Additional coordination required with the FUDS Division to identify exact locations.

Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste (HTRW). Typically, are projects that address response actions related to Hazardous substances or pollutants and contaminants (as defined in the CERCLA). Also includes projects addressing:

  • Petroleum, oil, or lubricants (POLs.)
  • DoD-unique materials.
  • Low-level radioactive materials or low-level radioactive wastes.
  • Explosive compounds released to soil, surface water, sediments, or groundwater as a result of ammunition or explosives production or manufacturing at ammunition plants.

Containerized/Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste (CON/HTRW): Projects include response actions at an area of an eligible FUDS property to address:

  • Underground storage tanks (USTs), aboveground storage tanks (ASTs), transformers, hydraulic systems, investigative derived waste (IDW), abandoned inactive monitoring wells, etc. Response actions for drums containing hazardous substances, pollutants, and contaminants are performed under the HTRW project category.
  • Incidental removal of contaminated soils resulting from a leaking UST or other container.
  • Long-term corrective actions required by Subtitle I of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) involving significant soil and groundwater response actions following UST closure/removal actions.

Building Demolition/Debris Removal (BD/DR):  Response actions at an area of an eligible FUDS property to address demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and structures and removal of unsafe debris. The BD/DR category is based on the statutory authority in USC Title 10 sections 2701(b)(3). See FUDS ER for additional BD/DR eligibility requirements.