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Formerly Used Defense Sites

Three workers take samples to check for possible contamination at a formerly used defense site in Hawaii. Potential FUDS properties are found in all 50 states.

The Department of Defense (DOD) is responsible for environmental restoration of properties that were formerly owned by, leased to or otherwise possessed by the United States and under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense. Such properties are known as Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS). The Army is the lead agent for the program and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers executes the program on behalf of Army and the Department of Defense. The scope and magnitude of the FUDS program are significant, with more than 10,000 properties identified for potential inclusion in the program. Information about the origin and extent of contamination, land transfer issues, past and present property ownership, and program policies must be evaluated before DOD considers a property eligible for Defense Environment Restoration Account funding under the FUDS program. Environmental cleanup at FUDS properties is conducted in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act.


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This Engineer Regulation (ER) provides policy and guidance within USACE for the planning, programming, budgeting, execution, management, and reporting of all activities associated with FUDS properties and projects.

The Department of Defense has developed a website to provide educational materials about the dangers posed by unexploded ordnance (UXO) and munitions of concern. Sgt. Woof is the new face of the UXO safety education program and the site offers materials parents and teachers can use to teach children about the potential danger and the need to remember the 3Rs of unexploded ordnance safety -- Recognize, Retreat and Report.